Instance MethodSwift

prefix(upTo:)

Returns a subsequence from the start of the collection up to, but not including, the specified position.

func prefix(upTo end: Self.Index) -> Self.SubSequence

Parameters

end

The “past the end” index of the resulting subsequence. end must be a valid index of the collection.

Returns

A subsequence up to, but not including, the end position.

Overview

The resulting subsequence does not include the element at the position end. The following example searches for the index of the number 40 in an array of integers, and then prints the prefix of the array up to, but not including, that index:

let numbers = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60]
if let i = numbers.firstIndex(of: 40) {
    print(numbers.prefix(upTo: i))
}
// Prints "[10, 20, 30]"

Passing the collection’s starting index as the end parameter results in an empty subsequence.

print(numbers.prefix(upTo: numbers.startIndex))
// Prints "[]"

Using the prefix(upTo:) method is equivalent to using a partial half-open range as the collection’s subscript. The subscript notation is preferred over prefix(upTo:).

if let i = numbers.firstIndex(of: 40) {
    print(numbers[..<i])
}
// Prints "[10, 20, 30]"